General Islamic Principles: Importance of Jum’ah (Friday)

Jummāh Sunnāhs
●Clean clothes
●Attar for men
●Use miswak
●Convey peace & blessings to Prophet (peace be upon him)
● Surāh Al Kāhf

Friday The Day Of Celebration

The Messenger of Allāh ﷺ said: “Verily, Allah has made this day (of Friday) a celebration for the Muslims. So whoever comes to Friday (prayer), then let him bathe himself, and if he has any perfume let him put some on, and use the toothstick.”

● [رواه ابن ماجه ١٠٩٨ وصحيح الترغيب ١٢٩٨]

Ibn al-Qayyim [رحمه الله] said: “The Friday prayer is from the greatest of congregations of the Muslims.”

● {زاد المعاد ١:٣٦٤-٣٦٥}

The Messenger of Allāh ﷺ said: ❝Increase in salutations upon me, on the day of Friday (Jumu’ah) and its night.❞

● [زاد المعاد ٢٤٢٠]

Prophet ﷺ said: “The best of prayers with Allāh is the prayer of morning (Fajr) on the Day of Friday in congregation.”

● {الصحيحة ١٥٦٦}

Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever reads Surah Al-Kahf on Fridays will be adorned with light from that Friday to the next.”

● (صحيح جامع الصغير ٢/٦٤٧٠)

‎Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever recites Surah Al-Kahf on Friday will have a light for him between this Friday and the next.”

‎● {السنن الكبرى ٥٨٥٦}

The Messenger of Allāh ﷺ said: “Send prayer upon me abundantly on the day of Jumu’ah (Friday) & on the night of Jumu’ah (Thursday night) for he who sends prayer upon me one time, Allāh sends prayer upon him 10 times.”

● [صحيح الجامع ١٢٠٩]

Prophet ﷺ said: “There is such an hour on Friday, that if any Muslim makes Du’ā during it, his Du’ā will be accepted.”

‎● {صحيح البخاري ٥٢٩٥، صحيح مسلم ٨٥٢}

Prophet ﷺ said: “Whoever performs Ghusl on Friday, and bathes completely, and goes early, arriving early, gets close and listens and is silent, there will be for him in every step he takes, the reward of a year of fasting and standing (in prayer).”

● {جامع الترمذي ٤٩٦}

Prophet Muḥammad ﷺ said: “Jummah to Jummah expiates the minor sins in between them except for the major sins.”

● [السلسلة الصحيحة ٣٦٢٣]

Prophet ﷺ said: “The best of days with Allāh is the day of Jumu’ah.”

● {صحيح الجامع ١٠٩٨، السلسة الصحيحة ١٥٠٢}

Imām Ibn al-Qayyim said: “A time when Du’ās will be accepted is during the last hour of ‘Asr on Jumu’ah.”

● {زاد المعاد ١/١٠٤}

Sa’id bin Jubayr رحمه الله said: “That I hit whips on my head, it is more beloved to me, than me talking whilst the Imām is giving a sermon.”

● [طبقات ابن سعد ٠٦٢/٦]

غسل الجمعة يبدأ من طلوع الفجر، لكن الأفضل أن لا يغتسل إلا بعد طلوع الشمس

Sheikh Ibn ’Uthaymeen: Ghusl for Jumu’ah begins at dawn, but it is better not to do Ghusl until the sun has risen.

● [مجموعة الفتاوى ٢٤١/٦١]

‎Sh Ibn ‘Uthaymīn: “It is IMPERMISSIBLE for a man to give Salaam during Friday sermon and also it is ḤARĀM to return Salaam.”

‎● [فتاوى ١٦١٠٠]

al-Sharid b. Suwaid: The Messenger of Allah came upon me when I was sitting thus: having my left hand behind my back and leaning on the fleshy part of it.

أَتَقْعُدُ قِعْدَةَ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ 

He (angrily) said: Are you sitting in the manner of those with whom Allah is angry (the Jews)?

Source: Sunan Abi Dawood (4848)
Source: Musnad Ahmad (18960)
Source: Saheeh Ibn Hibban (5674)

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah: This hadeeth indicates that it is not allowed to sit in this manner, for the reason that it is the way in which those who are punished sit.

Source: Iqtida’ as-Siraat al-Mustaqeem (p. 65)

Shaikh Ibn Bāz said: “It is not legislated to return the salaam during the khutbah.

Rather you must remain silent.”

● [Majmū’ al-Fatāwā (v. 12, p. 339)]

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said: “It is recommended to leave early to go to the Masjid on the day of Jumu’ah and when one enters pray two units of prayer for tahiyyat al-Masjid.”

● [الملخص الفقهي ١٩٦/١]

Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said: “It is more right for the one who comes on Jumu’ah that he busy himself with prayer up until the Imaam comes out [to give the khutbah]…”

● [مجموع الفتاوى ١٨٩/٢٤]

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said: “From the rulings of Jumu’ah is that whoever comes to the Masjid whilst the Imaam is giving the khutbah, he should not sit until he has prayed two light units of prayer.”

● [الملخص الفقهي ١٩٨/١]

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said: “From the rulings of Jumu’ah prayer is that it is not permissible to speak whilst the Imaam is giving the khutbah.”

● [الملخص الفقهي ١٩٨/١]

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said: “Whoever enters [the Masjid] whilst the Imaam is giving the khutbah, then he should not greet [anyone].”

● [الملخص الفقهي ٢٠٠/١]

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said: “It is not permissible for him (i.e. the one who is sitting and listening during the khutbah) to fidget with his hand, foot, beard, clothing or other than that.”

● [الملخص الفقهي ٢٠٠/١]

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said: “Likewise, he should not turn right or left and become busy with looking at the people – or other than that – as that will distract him from listening to the khutbah. Rather, he should turn to the khateeb just like the Sahaabah (radee Allaahu ‘anhum) used to turn towards the Prophet (sal Allaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) during the khutbah.”

● [الملخص الفقهي ٢٠٠/١]

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said: “If he sneezes then he should praise Allaah secretly (i.e. quietly) between him and himself (i.e. so that no one hears).”

● [الملخص الفقهي ٢٠٠/١]

Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan said: “It is permissible to speak before and after the khutbah, and when the Imaam sits between the khutbatayn (i.e. the two sermons) for a legal benefit. However, one should not speak about worldly affairs.”

● [الملخص الفقهي ٢٠١/١]

Prophet ﷺ said: “If one of you yawns on Friday (during the Khutbah), let him change from the place he’s sitting to another.”

● [صحيح بن خزيمة : مختصر المختصر من المسند الصحيح ١٨١٩]

Ibn al-Qayyim said: “The Hour of Response in it (i.e. Friday) is like the Night of Decree in Ramadaan.”

● [زاد المعاد ٣٩٨/١]

Ibn Mas’ood رضي الله عنه said: The leader of all days is Friday and the leader of all months is Ramaḍān.

● [ابن أبي شيبه في المصنف ٥٥٥٢]

Ibn Masud:

“Lengthening the prayer and shortening the khutbah is a sign of a man’s fiqh (understanding).”

● [الطبراني في الكبير٩٤٩٤]

Imām al-Barbahārī: “Whoever abandons Friday and congregational prayers in mosque without an excuse is an innovator.”

● [شرح السنة ٢١٧٧]

Nafi’ said: “Ibn ‘Umar used to trim his nails and mustache every Friday.”

Source: Sunan al-Bayhaqi (v. 2, p. 244)

Nafi said: “Abdullah ibn ‘Umar saw two men talking while the imam was giving the khutbah on the day of jumu’ah, and he threw pebbles at them to tell them to be quiet.”

Source: Muwatta Malik (no. 234)

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